Geography (BA and BSc Programs)


Catherine Nolin, Associate Professor and Chair
Gail Fondahl, Professor
Greg Halseth, Professor, and Canada Research Chair, Rural and Small Town Studies
Neil Hanlon, Professor
Brian Menounos, Professor and Canada Research Chair, Glacier Change
Ellen Petticrew, Professor and FRBC Chair in Landscape Ecology
Zo? Meletis, Associate Professor
Roger Wheate, Associate Professor/GIS Coordinator
Faran Ali, Assistant Professor
Joseph Shea, Assistant Professor
Sam Albers, Adjunct Professor
Matthew Beedle, Adjunct Professor
Sarah de Leeuw, Adjunct Professor
Bill Floyd, Adjunct Professor
Sean Markey, Adjunct Professor
Marlene Morris, Adjunct Professor
John Rex, Adjunct Professor
Grahame Russell, Adjunct Professor
Ping Bai, Senior Lab Instructor (GIS)
Scott Emmons, Senior Lab Instructor (GIS)
Christine Jackson, Senior Lab Instructor

Website: http://www.mytalkbd.com/geography
?
Geography is an interdisciplinary bridge between the human and physical sciences, studying human-–environment interactions. The Geography program offers both a Bachelor of Science and a Bachelor of Arts. The BSc in physical geography examines the natural environment and the interaction of climate, soils, vegetation and landforms, while the BA in human geography focuses on cultural, social, economic and rural environments. Degrees emphasize the geography of the North and contemporary geographic technologies.

Geography Program (BA)

Major in Geography
?
This degree provides students with comprehensive training in the study of human geography, emphasizing the cultural, social, economic, and political connections between people and their environments. We offer courses that give students the conceptual and methodological means to make sense of the places and spaces they occupy and to understand how these relate to the rest of the world. Particular emphasis is on issues of community development, social justice, environmental equity, and population health in northern environments as a starting point for understanding the dynamics of place-making in a global context.
The minimum requirement for the completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a major in Geography is 120 credit hours.

Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

100 Level
GEOG 101-3 Planet Earth
GEOG 102-3 Earth from Above

200 Level
GEOG 200-3 British Columbia: People and Places
GEOG 203-3 Canada: Places, Cultures and Identities
GEOG 204-3 Introduction to GIS
GEOG 210-3 Introduction to Earth Science
STAT 240-3 Basic Statistics
?????or ECON 205-3 Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences
Four of the following:
GEOG 202-3 Resources, Economics and Sustainability
GEOG 205-3 Cartography and Geomatics
GEOG 206-3 Social Geography
GEOG 209-3 Migration and Development
GEOG 211-3 Natural Hazards: Human and Environmental Dimensions
GEOG 220-3 World Regions: Latin America and the Caribbean
GEOG 222-3 World Regions: Russia
GEOG 298-3 Special Topics

Upper Division Requirement

300 Level
?
ENPL 319-3 Social Research Methods
??? or GEOG 324-3 Community-Based Research
Five of the following:
GEOG 300-3 Intermediate GIS
GEOG 301-3 Cultural Geography
GEOG 305-3 Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
GEOG 306-3 Critical Development Geographies
GEOG 307-3 Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental Systems
GEOG 308-3 Health Geography
Geography Field School?

400 Level
COMM 332-3 Business and Professional Ethics
?????or ENVS 414-3 Environmental and Professional Ethics
?????or POLS 317-3 Moral Philosophy
Five of the following:
GEOG 357-3 Introduction to Remote Sensing
GEOG 401-3 Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
GEOG 403-3 First Nations and Indigenous Geographies
GEOG 413-3 Advanced GIS
GEOG 420-3 Environmental Justice
GEOG 424-3 Northern Communities
GEOG 426-3 Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power
GEOG 498-(1-3) Special Topics
GEOG 499-(3-6) Independent Studies
Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

Elective credit hours as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, of which 24 credit hours in any subject must be at the 300 or 400 level, including any additional credit hours necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).

Joint Major in Geography and Political Science

The minimum requirement for the completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a Joint Major in Geography and Political Science is 120 credit hours.

Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement
?
GEOG 101-3 ?? Planet Earth
? ? ? ? or GEOG 102-3 Earth from Above
POLS 100-3 Contemporary Political Issues
POLS 200-3 Canadian Government and Politics
POLS 202-3 Canada in Comparative Perspective
POLS 230-3 International Relations
POLS 270-3 Political Philosophy: Antiquity to Early Modernity
Four of the following:
GEOG 200-3 ?? British Columbia: People and Places
GEOG 202-3 Resources, Economies, and Sustainability
GEOG 203-3 Canada: Places, Cultures and Identities
GEOG 204-3 Introduction to GIS
GEOG 206-3 Social Geography
GEOG 209-3 Migration and Development
GEOG 211-3 Natural Hazards: Human and Environmental Dimensions
GEOG 220-3 World Regions: Latin America and the Caribbean
GEOG 222-3 World Regions: Russia
GEOG 298-3 Special Topics

Upper Division Requirement
POLS 303-3 ?? Democracy and Democratization
POLS 320-3 Canadian Politics and Policy
POLS 370-3 Political Philosophy: Early Modernity to Post-Modernity
Four of the following:
GEOG 301-3 ?? Cultural Geography
GEOG 305-3 Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and?Decision-Making
GEOG 306-3 Critical Development Geographies
GEOG 307-3 Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental Systems
GEOG 308-3 Health Geography
GEOG 324-3 Community-Based Research
GEOG 333-3 Geography Field School
Three of the following:
GEOG 401-3 ?? Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
GEOG 403-3 First Nations and Indigenous Geographies
GEOG 420-3 Environmental Justice
GEOG 424-3 Northern Communities
GEOG 426-3 Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power

Three additional credit hours of POLS courses at the 300 level.

Nine additional credit hours of POLS courses at the 400 level.

Elective and Academic Breadth
Electives at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours including any additional credit hours necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).

Major in Public Administration and Community Development

The Public Administration and Community Development major gives students the skills required to function within a range of groups, organizations, and offices. Graduates are able to interact with appropriate professionals, receive their input and reports, and collate a wide range of information and material in service of their group/organization/office. Skills in analysis and synthesis are complemented by an ability to work cooperatively and effectively, and an ability to communicate clearly through written, oral, and graphic media.

The Public Administration and Community Development major requires completion of 120 credit hours, 48 of which must be at the upper division. At the lower division, students must take the seven required courses and a minimum of one course from each of the seven categories. At the upper division, students must take the four required courses and a minimum of one course from each of the seven categories. To complete the 120 credit hours, students must take 45 credit hours of electives, of which 15 credit hours must be at the upper division.

It is possible for students to organize their course choices (categories and electives) to achieve a "specialization" of course work. An Area of Specialization requires eight courses (24 credit hours) in one of the following:
?
Program Requirements

Lower-Division Requirements

Required:
Introduction to Canadian Business
ECON 100-3 Microeconomics
ECON 101-3 Macroeconomics
ENPL 104-3 Introduction to Planning
FNST 100-3 The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
GEOG 101-3 Planet Earth
POLS 100-3 Contemporary Political Issues

Select ONE course from each category below:
Community:
FNST 217-3 Contemporary Challenges Facing Aboriginal Communities
GEOG 206-3 Social Geography
Migration and Development
Public Administration:
ECON 210-3 Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
ENVS 230-3 Introduction to Environmental Policy
NREM 209-3 The Practice of Conservation
POLS 255-3 Introduction to Law in Canada
SOCW 201-3 Introduction to Social Welfare
Governance:
ENVS 101-3 Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
Public Law in Canada
POLS 200-3 Canadian Government and Politics
POLS 257-3 Public Law in Canada
?First Nations:
FNST 200-3 Perspectives in First Nations Studies
FNST 249-3 Aboriginal Resource Planning
??? or ENPL 208-3 First Nations Community and Environmental Planning
HIST 215-3 Global History of Indigenous People

Methods:
ECON 205-3??? Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences
ENPL 204-3??? Principles and Practices of Planning
ENPL 206-3??? Planning Analysis and Techniques
FNST 200-3??? Perspectives in First Nations Studies
FNST 203-3??? Introduction to Traditional Environmental Knowledge
GEOG 204-3??? Introduction to GIS
GEOG 205-3???? Cartography and Geomatics
?Economic:
COMM 230-3 Organizational Behaviour
GEOG 202-3 Resources, Economies and Sustainability
ORTM 200-3 Sustainable Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
?General:
ANTH 102-3 Anthropology: A World of Discovery
ARTS 102-3 Research Writing
COMM 240-3 Introduction to Marketing
ECON 220-3 Global Economic Shifts
POLS 290-3 Research and Writing for Political Science
ORTM 100-3 Foundations of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
Upper-Division Requirements

Required:
ENPL 313-3 Rural Community Economic Development
GEOG 424-3 Northern Communities
POLS?332-3 Community Development
POLS 403-3 Social and Health Policy and Administration
?
Select ONE course from each category below:

Community:
COMM 302-3 Entrepreneurship
ENPL 301-3 Sustainable Communities: Structure and Sociology
GEOG 301-3 Cultural Geography
ORTM 407-3 Recreation, Tourism, and Communities
POLS 434-3 Resource Communities in Transition
SOCW 437-3 Social Work with Groups and Communities
SOCW 456-3 Indigenous Family Caring Systems
SOCW 457-3 Individual and Community Wellness for?Indigenous Peoples
?Public Administration:
COMM 330-3 Human Resources Management
ENPL 304-3 Mediation, Negotiation, Public Participation
ENPL 401-3 Environmental Law
POLS 302-3 How Government Works
Society, Policy, and Administration of Natural Resources
Local Services and Public Policy
Local Government Finance
SOCW 455-3 Indigenous Governance and Social Policy
?Governance:
ANTH 410-3 Theory of Nation and State
ENVS 326-3 Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement
GEOG 305-3 Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
POLS 316-3 Municipal Government and Politics
POLS 320-3 Canadian Politics and Policy
POLS 333-3 Politics and Government of BC
Law and Municipal Government
?First Nations:
ANTH 404-3 Comparative Study of Indigenous Peoples of the World
ENPL 409-3 Advanced First Nations Community and Environment Planning
FNST 304-3 Indigenous Environmental Philosophy
GEOG 403-3 First Nations and Indigenous Geographies
GEOG 426-3 Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power
HIST 390-3 Aboriginal People of Canada
NREM 303-3 Aboriginal Perspectives on Land and Resource Management
ORTM 306-3 Indigenous Tourism and Recreation
POLS 415-3 Comparative Northern Development
Methods:
ANTH 421-(3-6) Ethnographic Field Methods
ENPL 305-3 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENPL 319-3 Social Research Methods
FNST 300-3 Research Methods in First Nations Studies
GEOG 324-3 Community-Based Research
?Economics:
COMM 303-3 Introduction to International Business
ECON 305-3 Environmental Economics and Environmental Policy
ECON 307-3 Northern BC in the Global Economy
ECON 331-3 Forestry Economics
ENVS 431-3 Environmental and Sustainability Policies
GEOG 401-3 Tenure, Conflict and Resource Geography
?
General:
COMM 332-3 Business and Professional Ethics
COMM 340-3 Marketing Communications
COMM 342-3 Services Marketing
ENVS 414-3 Environmental and Professional Ethics
FNST 451-3 Traditional Use Studies
FNST 498-3 Special Topics in First Nations Studies
GEOG 200-3 British Columbia: People and Places
GEOG 308-3 Health Geography
GEOG 420-3 Environmental Justice
HIST 360-3 An Introduction to Environmental History
POLS 327-3 Leadership and Ethics in Local Government
?
Areas of Specialization

It is possible for students to organize their course choices (areas and electives) to achieve an Area of Specialization of course work. For the PACD major, completion of a specialization requires eight courses (24 credit hours) from one of the following:
?
Area of Specialization in Local Public Administration

* Students choosing this Area of Specialization should be aware that UNBC also offers a Public Administration Certificate through the Department of Political Science, as well as a First Nations Public Administration Certificate through the Department of First Nations Studies.

Lower-Division course choices
?
COMM 100-3 Introduction to Canadian Business
COMM 230-3 Organizational Behaviour
POLS 255-3 Introduction to Law in Canada
POLS 290-3 Research and Writing for Political Science

Upper-Division course choices
POLS 316-3 Municipal Government and Politics
POLS 320-3 Canadian Politics and Policy
Leadership and Ethics in Local Government
POLS 333-3 Politics and Government of BC
Law and Municipal Government
Local Services and Public Policy
Local Government Finance
POLS 403-3 Social and Health Policy and Administration
? ?
Area of Specialization in Aboriginal Community Development

Lower-Division course choices
FNST 200-3 Perspectives in First Nations Studies
FNST 203-3 Introduction to Traditional Environmental Knowledge
FNST 217-3 Contemporary Challenges Facing Aboriginal Communities
FNST 249-3 Aboriginal Resource Planning
or? ENPL 208-3 First Nations Community and Environmental Planning

Upper-Division course choices
ANTH 404-3 Comparative Study of Indigenous Peoples of the World
COMM 302-3 Entrepreneurship
ENPL 409-3 Advanced First Nations Community and Environment Planning
FNST 300-3 Research Methods in First Nations Studies
FNST 304-3 Indigenous Environmental Philosophy
FNST 416-3 International Perspective
FNST 451-3 Traditional Use Studies
FNST 498-3 Special Topics in First Nations Studies
GEOG 403-3 First Nations and Indigenous Geographies
HIST 390-3 Aboriginal People in Canada
NREM 303-3 Aboriginal Perspectives on Land and Resource Management
ORTM 306-3 Indigenous Tourism and Recreation
SOCW 455-3 Indigenous Governance and Social Policy
SOCW 457-3 Individual and Community Wellness for?Indigenous Peoples
? ?
Area of Specialization in Planning:

* It should be noted that the Area of Specialization in Planning does not lead to an accredited planning degree. The School of Environmental Planning offers a professional accredited Canadian Institute of Planner degree. Refer to the calendar for further information.

Required courses
ENPL 104-3 Introduction to Planning
ENPL 204-3 Principles and Practices of Planning
ENPL 301-3 Sustainable Communities: Structure and Sociology
ENPL 304-3 Mediation, Negotiation, Public Participation
?
Four of the following:
ENPL 206-3 Planning Analysis and Techniques
ENPL 208-3 First Nations Community and Environmental Planning
ENPL 305-3 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENPL 313-3 Rural Community Economic Development
ENPL 319-3 Social Research Methods
ENPL 401-3 Environmental Law
ENPL 409-3 Advanced First Nations Community and Environment Planning
ENVS 326-3 Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement
??
Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

45 elective credit hours in any subject as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours (at least 15 of these elective credit hours must be at the 300 or 400 level) including any additional credit hours necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).
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Geography Program (BSc)

Major in Geography

This degree focuses on geography as an earth science, with introductions to biology, chemistry, mathematics and physics, followed by upper-level courses in climatology, hydrology, geomorphology, soils and weathering, and geomatics. This combination enables the understanding of the interactions between the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, aided by the use of statistical techniques, mapping, remote sensing and geographic information systems. Courses will develop applied field and technical skills for associated career paths.

Undergraduate students are required to take a minimum of 11 Geography courses (31 credit hours). Of these courses, a minimum of five must be upper division. Students are required to take a minimum of 24 credit hours of Electives Science Courses, of which 15 credit hours must be upper division in order to successfully complete degree requirements. Additional electives, as necessary, are required to ensure the completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours.

The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Science with a major in Geography is 120 credit hours.
Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

100 Level
? ? and BIOL 124-1
Introductory Biology II
Introductory Biology II Laboratory
CHEM 100-3 General Chemistry I
CHEM 101-3 General Chemistry II
CHEM 120-1 General Chemistry Lab I
CHEM 121-1 General Chemistry Lab II
GEOG 101-3 Planet Earth
GEOG 102-3 Earth from Above
MATH 100-3 Calculus I
? ? ? ?or MATH 152-3 Calculus for Non-majors
PHYS 100-4 Introduction to Physics I
???? or PHYS 110-4
Introductory Physics I: Mechanics?

200 Level
ENSC 201-3 Weather and Climate
FSTY 205-3 Introduction to Soil Science
GEOG 200-3 British Columbia: People and Places
GEOG 204-3 Introduction to GIS
? ? ?or?GEOG 205-3 Cartography and Geomatics
GEOG 210-3 Introduction to Earth Science
GEOG 211-3 Natural Hazards: Human and Environmental Dimensions
GEOG 212-1 Earth Science Careers
GEOG 250-3 Introduction to Geospatial Analysis
? ? ? ?or ENSC 250-2 Introduction to Environmental Data Analysis
Basic Statistics

Upper Division Requirement

300 Level
GEOG 300-3 Intermediate GIS
GEOG 310-3 Hydrology
GEOG 311-3 Drainage Basin Geomorphology
Geomorphology of Cold Regions?
GEOG 357-3 Introduction to Remote Sensing

Two of the following:
ENSC 312-3 Biometeorology
FSTY 425-3 Soil Formation and Classification
???? or FSTY 415-3
Forest Soils
GEOG 320-3 Sedimentology
Geography Field School
?
400 Level
Three of the following:
ENSC 425-3 Climate Change and Global Warming
GEOG 405-3 Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 411-3 Quaternary and Surficial Geology
GEOG 413-3 Advanced GIS
GEOG 416-3 Mountains
GEOG 450-3 Advanced Geospatial Analysis
GEOG 457-3 Advanced Remote Sensing
GEOG 498-(1-3) Special Topics
GEOG 499-(3-6) Independent Studies
Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

Science Electives?

Nine credit hours of Science electives at any level and fifteen credit hours of Science electives at the 300 or 400 level.

Elective Science Courses
Anthropology:
ANTH 100-3 Archaeological and Biological Approaches
ANTH 200-3 Biological Anthropology
ANTH 205-3 Introduction to Archaeology
ANTH 220-3 Introduction to Primatology
ANTH 301-3 Archaeological Lab Methods
ANTH 311-3
Anthropology of Food, Drink & Health?
Human Adaptability and Environmental Stress
Biology of Circumpolar Peoples?
Races, Racism and Human Biology?
Biology:

All courses allowed

Chemistry:

All courses allowed

Computer Science:

All courses allowed
Environmental Planning:
ENPL 305-3 Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Science:

The following courses are allowed:
ENGR 350-3 Fluid Mechanics
ENGR 451-3 Groundwater Hydrology
ENSC 202-3 Introduction to Aquatic Systems
Northern Contaminated Environments?
ENSC 312-3 Biometeorology
Waste Management?
ENSC 406-3 Environmental Modelling
ENSC 408-3 Storms
ENSC 412-3 Air Pollution
ENSC 418-3 Environmental Measurement and Analysis
Climate Change and Global Warming
Geophysical Data Analysis?
Reclamation and Remediation of Disturbed Environments?
Snow and Ice?
Forestry:

All courses allowed

Geography:

The following courses are allowed:
GEOG 320-3 Sedimentology
GEOG 333-3 Geography Field School
GEOG 405-3 Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 411-3 Quaternary Surficial Geology
GEOG 413-3 Advanced GIS
Advanced Remote Sensing?
?
Math:

All courses allowed

Natural Resources Management:

The following courses are allowed:
Field Skills?
Introduction to Natural Resources Management and Conservation?
NREM 203-3 Resource Inventories and Measurement
NREM 204-3 Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries
Integrated Resource Management?
Field Applications in Resource Management?
Physics:

All courses allowed

Elective and Academic Breadth

Electives at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hour including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).


Joint Major in Anthropology/Geography (BA)

See Calendar entry under Anthropology.

Minor in Geomorphology
A minor in Geomorphology is appropriate for students who wish to obtain a level of competence in the history of Earth's landscapes, surface processes and environmental change. The minor consists of key courses which, when taken together, provide a degree of proficiency in a field that is actively sought after by environmental consulting firms and government agencies.

A maximum of two courses (six credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in Geomorphology.

The minimum requirement for the completion of the minor in Geomorphology is 18 credit hours.

Requirements
GEOG 210-3 Geomorphology
GEOG 311-3 Drainage Basin Geomorphology

Four of the following:
FSTY 205-3 Introduction to Soil Science
? ? ?or?FSTY 425-3 Soil Formation and Classification
GEOG 300-3 Intermediate GIS
? ? ?or GEOG 413-3 Advanced GIS
? ? ?or?GEOG 357-3 Introduction to Remote Sensing
GEOG 310-3 Hydrology
GEOG 312-3 Geomorphology of Cold Regions
GEOG 405-3 Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 411-3 Quaternary and Surficial Geology

Minor in GIS (Geographic Information Systems)

The aim of the minor in GIS (Geographic Information Systems) is to provide a high level of competence in GIS and Computer Science technologies. Students with a minor in GIS gain experience in geographic data processing and analysis and are well-positioned for GIS-related careers.

Four required Geography courses and one Computer Science course form the core of the minor.?CPSC 110-3 (Introduction to Computer Systems and Programming) and CPSC 344-3 (Data Communications and Networking) are aimed at those not majoring in Computer Science.

A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) at or above the 200 level used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in GIS.

The minimum requirement for the completion of the minor in GIS is 21 credit hours, of which at least 12 credit hours must be upper-division credits. Students must ensure that all prerequisites are fulfilled prior to taking courses at the 300 and 400 levels.

Requirements
CPSC 100-4 Computer Programming I
? ? ?or CPSC 110-3 Introduction to Computer Systems and Programming
GEOG 204-3 Introduction to GIS
GEOG 205-3 Cartography and Geomatics
GEOG 300-3 Intermediate GIS
GEOG 357-3 Introduction to Remote Sensing
Two courses from the following list:
CPSC 324-3 Introduction to Database Systems
CPSC 344-3 Data Communications and Networking
? ? or?COMM 353-3 Business Data Communications and Networking
? ? or?CPSC 444-3 Computer Networks
Spatial Planning with Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
Advanced GIS
GEOG 450-3 Advanced Geospatial Analysis
Advanced Remote Sensing

Minor in Physical Geography

A minor in Physical Geography is appropriate for students who seek a broad-based exposure to earth and environmental sciences. Prospective teachers, human geographers, and government agency and environmental consulting employees will find the study of Earth's processes and the natural environment beneficial to their future careers. The minor consists of a group of courses which, when taken together, provide a degree of proficiency in Physical Geography.

A maximum of two courses (six credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in Physical Geography.

The minimum requirement for the completion of the minor in Physical Geography is 18 credit hours.

Requirements
ENSC 201-3 Weather and Climate
FSTY 205-3 Introduction to Soil Science
GEOG 210-3 Introduction to Earth Science

Three of the following*:
ENSC 312-3 Biometeorology
?????or ENSC 408-3 Storms
GEOG 300-3 Intermediate GIS
?? or GEOG 413-3 Advanced GIS
? ?or GEOG 357-3 Introduction to Remote Sensing
GEOG 310-3 Hydrology
?????or GEOG 405-3 ?Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 311-3 Drainage Basin Geomorphology
GEOG 312-3 Geomorphology of Cold Regions
GEOG 411-3 Quaternary and Surficial Geology

*Note:? Courses used to fulfill requirements for a major or another minor may not be used to fulfill this requirement. Where students have the three required courses included in their major, they shall take four of the alternatives from the above list.

Minor in Human Geography

The aim of the minor is to show a level of competence in a theme, field or program direction that a students feel would be beneficial to their career and which would be ancillary to the major. By designating this group of courses as a minor the students are able to demonstrate a level of proficiency in that field.

The minor in Human Geography is designed to provide students with the following:
  1. an introduction to the basics of Human Geography;
  2. a well-rounded introduction to several of the key sub-fields of Human Geography; and
  3. the chance to explore at least one facet of Human Geography of special interest to the student at the 400 level.
A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours)?at or above the 200 level used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in Human Geography.

The minimum requirement for completion of a minor in Human Geography is 18 credit hours, including 12 upper division credit hours.

Requirements

Two of the following:
GEOG 101-3 Planet Earth
GEOG 102-3 Earth from Above
GEOG 200-3 British Columbia: People and Places
GEOG 202-3 Resources, Economies and Sustainability
GEOG 203-3 Canada: Places, Cultures and Identities
GEOG 204-3?? Introduction to GIS
GEOG 206-3 Social Geography
GEOG 209-3 Migration and Development
GEOG 211-3 Natural Hazards: Human and Environmental Dimensions
GEOG 220-3 World Regions: Latin America and the Caribbean
GEOG 222-3 ?????????? World Regions: Russia
GEOG 298-3 ?? Special Topics
Three of the following:
GEOG 301-3 Cultural Geography
GEOG 305-3 Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
GEOG 306-3 Critical Development Geographies
GEOG 307-3 Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental Systems
GEOG 308-3 Health Geography
GEOG 324-3 Community-Based Research
GEOG 333-3 Geography Field School
One of the following:
GEOG 401-3 Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
GEOG 403-3 First Nations and Indigenous Geographies
GEOG 420-3 Environmental Justice
GEOG 424-3 Northern Communities
GEOG 426-3 Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power

Minor in Global Environmental Change

See Calendar entry under Environmental Studies.
Updated: April 30, 2020